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Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar

 

Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar (Punjabi: حضرت بابا فرید الدّین مسعود گنج شکر, (born in 1173 died in 1266) commonly known as Baba Farid (Punjabi: بابا فرید, ) was a 12-th century Sufi preacher and saint of South Asia. He is recognised as the first major poet of the Punjabi language. In addition Baba Farid is considered one of the holiest and pivotal saints of the Punjab region; today he is revered among both Muslims and Sikhs.

He was the grandson of Shaykh Shoaib who was the grandson of Farrukh Shah Kabuli, the king of Kabul and Ghazni, who was the grandson of Saint Ibrahim Bin Adham who was the descendant of Caliph Umar bin al-Khattab. Baba Farid was born around 1170 in Afghanistan. He was the descended of Farrukh Shah, King of Afghanistan and Ghazni. Baba Farid 's great grandfather was the son of Farrukh Shah Kabuli. He was killed alongwith most of his family members when the Mongol hordes invaded Kabul. Baba Faridís grandfather Shaykh Shoaib left Afghanistan and settled in Punjab in 1125.

Baba Fareed was born in 1188 or 1173 CE (584 Hijri) at Kothewal village of Multan in the Punjab region of Pakistan. Shaikh Shoaib Sultan was his father and Maryam Bibi was his mother. Shaikh Shoaib was nephew of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi[citation needed]. Baba Farid married Hazabara, daughter of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud. He died Tuesday, 7th May 1266 CE (679 Hijri) during Namaz. His darbar is in Dera Pindi, and his name is Khawaja Shaikh Muhammad Paak Ghareeb Nawaz. "There is only one Fareed, though many spring forth from the bud of the flower".

Baba Farid was a very pious and religious man, of impeccable character, humble and people's poet. He was poor and led a simple life. His piety and his character attracted people to Sufism.

Shrine of Hazrat Baba Fareed Shaker GunjHis mazar (shrine) is the pride of Pakpattan. Khawaja Nizamuddin Aulia constructed his tomb. Mazar has two doors, namely Noori darwaza and Bahishti darwaza. Bahishti darwaza opens once a year and during the fair thousands of people pass through it. It (door) is made of silver and floral designs are laid in gold sheet. Thousands of devotees come to visit the shrine daily from within the country and from abroad. His urs (death anniversary) is celebrated every year on the 5th, 6th and 7th of Muharram.


Important Dargahs of Chishty Sufis in Indian sub-continent :


1. Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty, Ajmer Sharif.


2. Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki, Delhi (Mehroli).


3. Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Masood Ganj-e-Shakar, Pak Pattan Sharif, Pakistan.


4. Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya , Delhi.


5. Hazrat Alauddin Sabir Kalyari, Kalyar Distt. Rurki (Uttaranchal).


6. Hazrat Nasiruddin Chiragh, Delhi


7. Hazrat Gaisu Daraz Banda Nawaz, Gulbarga Sharif (karnataka)


6. Hazrat Amir Khusru, Delhi


9. Hazrat Sufi Hamiduddin Suwali, Nagaur (Rajasthan).


10. Hazrat Khwaja Fakhruddin Chishty, Sarwar Sharif, Ajmer.


11. Hazrat Hisamuddin Jigar Sokhta, Sanbhar Lake (Rajasthan).


12. Hazrat Jamaluddin Hanswi, Hansi (Hariyana).


13. Hazrat Jahangir Ashraf Samnani, Kachocha Sharif (U.P.).


14. Hazrat Waris Ali Shah Dewa Sharif (UP)


15. Hazrat Shah Sarang Machgaon, Bara Banki.


 16. Hazrat Shah Meena, Lucknow (U.P.).


17. Hazrat Bu Ali Shah Kalander, Panipat (Hariyana).


18. Hazrat Shamsuddin Turk, Panipat (Hariyana).


19. Hazrat Jalaluddin Kabirul Auliya.


20. Hazrat Syed Abdur Razzaque Bansa Sharif, Bara Banki.


21. Hazrat Makhdoom Abdul Haque, Rudoli Sharif, Bara Banki.


22. Hazrat Abdul Quddus Gangohi, Gangoh (Saharanpur)


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